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Workshop 3

Understanding and forecasting human-ocean-human interactions, drivers and pressures, with respect to global change

From biogeochemical cycles through foodweb interactions to human use of the oceans, dependent societies and governments there is a complex set of drivers, responses and interactions at multiple levels and scales. In a marine world increasingly affected by global change, the need to develop understanding of this complexity is paramount. Approaches must necessarily be inter- and transdisciplinary, from local to global and at multiple scales. They can include broad comparative studies and in-depth case studies, modelling and empirical indicator approaches or statistical analyses. The overall aim is to link the effects of global change through natural systems and humans systems, identifying their interconnections, vulnerabilities and to create understanding of the possible futures of these interrelated social, ecological and biogeochemical systems in the continental margins and in the open ocean. Our overall objective is to build on this scientific understanding and explore the best strategies to mitigate or adapt to the changes by means of a policy framework.

To achieve this objective this session will bring together experts from a range of natural and social sciences to discuss how to adapt to, and mitigate, the effects of global change on marine ecosystems and the human communities with which they interact; to identify the key challenges to progress in this area and to discuss potential ways ahead. To this end, we seek contributions that focus on the marine environment and provide:

1. An analysis of societal changes in response or anticipation of global change - their historical contexts and relationships with contemporaneous states of marine environment and institutions

2. Identification of vulnerabilities to global change and evaluation of current capacities to address these

3. Identification of key governance and policy thematic foci to empower societies to address marine environmental change

Workshop 3 Conveners

Alida Bundy (Bedford Institute of Oceanography, Canada)

Ratana Chuenpagdee (Memorial University, Canada)

Liana McManus (Independent Scientist, USA)

Sarah Cooley (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, USA)

Bernhard Glaeser (German Society for Human Ecology, Germany)

Workshop Presentations

DAY 1 - Monday 28 January

08:00-09:00 IMBIZO llI Registration

Welcome – Eileen Hofmann, Alida Bundy and Kon-Kee Liu


Workshop 1 Keynote presentation: Ocean hypoxia from physics to fish – Curtis Deutsch

10:00-10:45 Workshop 1 Keynote presentation: Nutrients, hypoxia and fisheries: lessons about multiple stressors from the Chesapeake and beyond – Denise Breitburg
10:45-11:15 Coffee break
11:15-12:00 Workshop 2 Keynote presentation: Microbial carbon pump and ecosystem connectivity – Farooq Azam

Workshop 3 Keynote presentation: “ADApT or Die”: Finding methodologies to secure the livelihoods and food security for fisheries dependent communities around the world – Moeniba Isaacs

12:45-13:45 Lunch

Workshop 3: Introduction, workshop overview and objectives – Alida Bundy

WS3_opening.pdf 195.36 kB

Session 1 - Chair: Alida Bundy

Analysis of societal changes in response or anticipation of global change


Socio-economic impacts of artificial reefs on the small scale fishers in peninsular Malaysia - Gazi Md. Nurul Islam


Socio-economic evaluation of fisheries in Turkey between 1970 and 2010 – Ayse Gazihan Akoğlu


Assessment of health safety from ingestion of Polonium-210 in Penaeus merguiensis from a coal burning power plant area of Malaysia - Lubna Alam

Lubna Alam.pdf 1.78 MB
15:10-15:15 Discussion

Poster presentation: Climate Change Scenarios and the anchovy fishery in northern Chile - Eleuterio Yañez

15:20-15:30 General discussion
15:30-16:00 Coffee break

Discussion 1: Chair: Alida Bundy 

How do coastal societies respond to the changing physical and ecological dynamics of open ocean and shelf waters?


Plenary session discussion – Chair KK Liu, Rapporteur: Karen Wishner

How do biogeochemistry and ecosystems interact in response to natural or man-induced forcing in continental margins and how can such knowledge forge better management of the marine realm?

18:00-19:30 Ice Breaker and poster session

DAY 2 - Tuesday 29 January


Session 2 - Chair: Liana McManus

Identification of vulnerabilities to global change and evaluation of current capacities to address these


Reduced pressure in the Israeli coastal ecosystem - Remediation by means of policy change – Dror L. Angel

09:30-10:00 Understanding barriers and drivers for better governability of Mediterranean sea – Katia Frangoudes

Dynamics and vulnerabilities of coastal livelihoods, Punta Cana, Dominican Republic – Liana Talaue McManus

10:30-11:00 Coffee break

Exploring human-environmental interactions in small-scale fisheries: Implications for managing toward sustainability –Jack Kittinger


Discussion 2 - Chairs: Liana McManus and Sarah Cooley

How vulnerable are coastal societies to changing dynamics of open ocean and shelf waters? 

12:30-13:30 Lunch

Livelihood strategies and access to basic services of fishers in post conflict north and east of Sri Lanka - Mohamed Munas


Steps towards a social-ecological coastal typology – Bernhard Glaeser


Islands and oceans. Potentials for adapting to global change – Marion Glaser

15:00-15:30 Coffee break

Should climate engineering be considered to deal with climate change? An earth system model evaluation of multiple climate engineering approaches - David Keller


Discussion 3: - Chairs: Liana McManus and Alida Bundy

How do coastal communities cope, anticipate and adapt to the changing states of the open and coastal oceans?


Plenary session discussion – Chair: Helmuth Thomas

How may current understanding of deep ocean processes translate to better assessment and stewardship of fundamental ecological services that deep oceans provide?

18:00-19:30 Poster session

DAY 3 - Wednesday 30 January


Session 3 - Chair: Ratana Chuenpagdee

Identification of key governance and policy thematic foci to empower societies to address marine environmental change


Local adaptation and mitigation measures for the global change vulnerability: a case study of Andhra Pradesh, India - Shailendra Kumar Mandal


Regime shifts in coastal-marine systems and the implications for governance - Prateep Kumar Nayak


Working through complexity: a typology for strengthening coastal governance in the context of climate change - Heidi Schuttenberg


Building non-linear scenarios for marine futures - Laurence Mee

10:20-10:30 General Discussion
10:30-11:00 Coffee break

Navigating the turbulent waters of the Anthropocene: A deliberative praxis of coastal and ocean governance – Bruce Glavovic

11:20-12:30 Café-style discussions in small groups with each presenter (5 x 15 minutes)
12:30-13:30 Lunch
13:30-14:30 Discussion 4 - Chairs: Ratana Chuenpagdee and Bernhard Glaeser How can governance and policy minimize the vulnerability of coastal communities?

Session 4 - Chair: Ratana Chuenpagdee

Methodological approaches - what works for you?


Discussion 5 - Chairs: Ratana Chuenpagdee and Bernhard Glaeser

Do we need an integrative human-ocean-human framework?

15:10-15:30 Coffee break

Discussion 6 - Chairs: Alida Bundy and Ratana Chuenpagdee

ADApT as an integrative HOH framework - Critique and response

16:30-17:00 Report back and summary

Plenary session discussion – Chair: Alida Bundy

How can natural and social scientists optimize their cooperation to achieve usable and integrated knowledge and understanding to support policy making and form viable feedback loops between the natural system and human society?

19:30-24:00 IMBIZO lll dinner – Hawaii Beach Restaurant

DAY 4 - Thursday 31 January


Session 5 – Chairs: Alida Bundy and Ratana Chuenpagdee

Discussion and synthesis


Panel Discussion: Human-ocean-human interactions with respect to global change

(Joint session between Workshop 1 and Workshop 3)

10:30-11:00 Coffee break
11:00-12:30 Synthesis session for Final Plenary Session: 
 Identify best practises; challenges; ways ahead…
 Synthesis paper from the workshop
 Papers for special issue of Regional Environmental Change
12:30-13:30 Lunch

Final plenary session

Summary reports from Workshops 1, 2 and 3 and plenary discussion sessions

15:00 Closing comments, end of meeting