The International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme (IGBP) is an international scientific research programme built on interdisciplinary, networking and integration of individual, national and regional research projects. IGBP collaborates with other programmes to develop and impart the understanding necessary to respond to global change. As one of four international global environmental change research programmes that initiated the Earth System Science Partnership (ESSP), IGBP works towards its objectives in close collaboration with the International Human Dimensions Programme on Global Environmental Change (IHDP), the World Climate Research Programme (WCRP), and DIVERSITAS.
The Scientific Committee on Oceanic Research (SCOR) is the leading non-governmental organization for the promotion and coordination of international oceanographic activities. SCOR science activities focus on promoting international cooperation in planning and conducting oceanographic research, and solving methodological and conceptual problems that hinder research.